Lizama-Pérez, R.; Chirosa-Rios, I.; Chirosa-Rios, L.; Olave, E.; Ferragut, C.; Vila, H. & Jerez-Mayorga, D.
The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the effects of eccentric training on muscle architecture in the adult population. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statements were followed using keywords associated with architecture muscular and eccentric training. Four databases were used: PubMed, Scopus, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science. Methodological quality was assessed using the PEDro scale. A total of 1260 articles were retrieved, 18 included in this review. The parameters most frequently evaluated in the studies consulted were pennation angle (PA), fascicle length (FL), and muscle thickness (MT). These were assessed mainly in lower limb muscles such as biceps femoris long head (BFlh), vastus lateralis (VL), medial gastrocnemius (MG) and lateral gastrocnemius (LG), respectively. Eccentric training for at least four weeks generates adaptations in these parameters, mainly by increasing MT with FL and decreasing PA, determining muscle function. These results provide evidence on the effects of eccentric training on muscle architecture, which could be helpful to prevent injuries and favor muscle recovery processes.
KEY WORDS: Muscular architecture; Eccentric training; Muscle power; Pennation angle; Muscle thickness; Fascicle length; Muscle quality.
LIZAMA-PÉREZ, R.; CHIROSA-RIOS, I.; CHIROSA-RIOS, L.; OLAVE; E.; FERRAGUT, C.; VILA, H. & JEREZ- MAYORGA, D. Effects of eccentric exercise on muscle architecture in adults: A systematic review. Int. J. Morphol., 40(2):425-432, 2022.