Salas-Morillas, Alicia; Gutiérrez-Sánchez, Águeda & Vernetta-Santana, Mercedes
SUMMARY: The aim of this study was to analyse the possible relationships between different aspects of exercise score in competition and anthropometric characteristics in a group of national elite AG adolescents according to two different categories. Descriptive and cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of 39 adolescents aged between 11 and 19 years (14,9± 2,39), from the junior and senior categories. An ad hoc questionnaire was administered asking for socio- demographic and sporting data, together with anthropometric measurements of weight, height, waist circumference and tricipital, bicipital, suprailiac, supraspinatus, supraspinatus and calf skinfolds. Significant associations were found between the % BF (sum of triceps and subscapularis skinfold) with the BAL and COMB exercise difficulty score and more moderately with the DYN exercise difficulty and end score. Similarly, the % of BF with the sum of the two tricipital and calf creases showed a moderate association with the final grade of the DYN exercise and the difficulty grade of the BAL exercise, as well as the difficulty grade of the DYN exercise. The bases present higher values in all anthropometric measures compared to the agile; in terms of performance, it is higher in the senior category, obtaining better scores in all the variables analysed and finally, there is a negative association between the % BF and the score in the difficulty grades of all the exercises, as well as in the final grade of the DYN exercise.
KEY WORDS: Anthropometric variables; Score performance; Gymnasts.
SALAS-MORILLAS, A.; GUTIÉRREZ-SÁNCHEZ, Á. & VERNETTA-SANTANA, M. Body composition and sports performance in acrobatic gymnasts. Int. J. Morphol., 40(1):220-227, 2022.