Siriwat Thunyacharoen; Chollada Mahakkanukrauh; Napat Pattayakornkul; Kantapit Meetham; Thanapat Charumporn & Pasuk Mahakkanukrauh
The dorsalis pedis artery (DPA) is a vital artery that supplies the foot and ankle area which is clinically important for palpating when taking the pulse. This research was performed on fresh cadaveric dissection of 40 legs by injecting paint into popliteal artery for tracking the dorsalis pedis artery and its branches. The present research revealed that the Thai population has an anatomical variation and different location of the DPA and exact location of DPA for estimating the location of the DPA and may have clinical implications. The statistically descriptive analysis elucidated the distances of the DPA to the lateral malleolus and medial malleolus which were 51.48 ± 7.27 mm and 42.62 ± 11.40 mm, respectively. The distance of the extensor hallucis longus (EHL) to the DPA was 14.29 ± 4.11 mm. The length of the dorsalis pedis artery which measured from artery on intermalleolar line to its dipping in 1st intermetatarsal space to be 122.03 ± 21.07 mm. The arcuate loop which is anastomosis U-loop of lateral tarsal arteries of the DPA was found 55 % in Thais population. There were no statistically significant differences of all parameters between the side and sex in DPA consideration. An understanding of the variations of the anatomical vasculature of DPA is essential for precise clinical assessment because exact anatomical knowledge and location can contribute to the pulse taking and be applied in surgical procedure.
KEY WORDS: Anatomical variation; Dorsalis pedis artery.
THUNYACHAROEN, S.; MAHAKKANUKRAUH, C.; PATTAYAKORNKUL, N.; MEETHAM, K.; CHARUMPORN, T. & MAHAKKANUKRAUH, P. Anatomical variations of the dorsalis pedis artery in a Thai population. Int. J. Morphol., 40(1):137-142, 2021.