The hallux is adducted in relation to the axis of the foot and to maintain this position requires adequate bone alignment, which is determined mainly by muscle activity. One of the structures that is involved in this function is the adductor muscle of the hallux, which can produce hallux valgus or rigid hallux when an imbalance occurs in its normal activity. Despite the importance of this muscle, there are few studies of its neuromuscular complex. The objective of this study was to describe the morphological and morphometric characteristics of the adductor muscle of the hallux and its motor branches in 30 lower limbs. The sole of the foot was dissected until it reached the plane of the muscle and its motor branches. The average length of the oblique head of the adductor muscle of the hallux was 78.16 mm (± 13.35), with an average maximum width of 20.55 mm (± 2.59) and a tendon of 25.87 mm (± 7, 97) in length. Regarding the same measurements of the transverse head were 39.55 (± 8.26), 15.04 (± 3.52) and 18.51 (± 10.04), respectively. The innervation of both heads came from the deep branch of the lateral plantar nerve. In most of the samples, said nerve emitted a bouquet for the oblique head and one for the transverse head. The oblique head had one or two motor points, generally located in its middle third. The transverse head had only one motor point that was usually in its lateral third. The knowledge of the morphological and morphometric characteristics of the adductor muscle of the hallux and its motor branches are clinically significant, since they allow an approximation of the location of the motor point in electromyographic procedures.
KEY WORDS: Adductor hallucis muscle; Lateral plan- tar nerve; Hallux valgus; Foot.