Repression of Ppargcla Gene in Liver of Hyperglycemic Rats Induced with High Fat Diet Combined with Streptozotocin
DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022012000200047
Alfonso Hernández; Rui Curi & Luis A. Salazar
Type 2 diabetes mellitus implies deregulation of multiple metabolic processes, being the maintenance of glycemia one of the most important. Many genes are involved in the deregulation of this particular process. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate gene expression of genes related to type 2 diabetes mellitus, in the liver and pancreas of rats with hyperglycemia induced by high fat diet along with a low single dose of streptozotocin. Ahsg and Ppargc1a genes were studied in liver, whereas Kcnj11 and Slc2a2 genes were analyzed in pancreas. For this purpose, 210-240 g female rats were fed a high fat diet or a control diet for three weeks. At day 14, animals fed with high fat diet were injected with a single low dose of streptozotocin (35 mg/kg) and the control group rats were injected only with the vehicle. Plasmatic glucose, triglycerides and total cholesterol levels were measured at the beginning, day 14 and end of treatment. Body weight was also measured. Once the treatment was complete, rats were appropriately euthanized and then, pancreas and liver were surgically removed and frozen in liquid nitrogen. Total RNA was isolated using TRIzol reagent, treated with DNase I and reversely transcribed to cDNA. Gene expression analysis was performed using SYBR Green Real time PCR and comparative Cq method, using three reference genes. Rats fed with high fat diet and treated with streptozotocin showed higher values of plasmatic glucose (17.09 ± 0.43 vs. 5.91 ± 0.29 mmol/L, p < 0.01) and a minor expression of Ppargc1a versus the control group (2-fold less expressed, p < 0.05) in liver. We conclude that repression of Ppargc1a gene may be an important process in the establishment of chronic hyperglycemia, probably through deregulation of hepatic gluconeogenesis. However, further studies need to be performed in order to clarify the role of Ppargc1a deregulation in liver glucose homeostasis.
KEY WORDS: Gene Expression; Hyperglycemia; Ppargcla.
How to cite this article
HERNANDEZ, A.; CURI, R. & SALAZAR, L. A. Repression of Ppargc1a gene in liver of hyperglycemic rats induced with high fat diet combined with streptozotocin. Int. J. Morphol., 30(2):643-650, 2012.