3D Foot Anthropometric Measurements Under Two Weight- Bearing Conditions for Ergonomic Design of Foot-Related Products

Tweet about this on TwitterShare on FacebookEmail this to someoneShare on Google+

Bingyi Cao; Jian Wang; Wenya Shi; Xi Lu & Kexuan Zhou


This study collected 3D models of the left and right feet from 317 Chinese youth (155 females and 162 males) under half weight-bearing and no weight-bearing conditions. Thirteen dimensions and one angle were taken for each sample. By measuring 13 foot dimensions and 1 angle, this study comprehensively investigated the differences in foot shape between genders and the bilateral differences, as well as the foot shape differences under different conditions. The results showed that regardless of the condition, male foot dimensions were significantly larger than those of females. However, female foot shape was not simply a scaled-down version of male foot shape. On the contrary, the average angle of female feet was greater than that of males under both conditions, indicating a higher prevalence of hallux valgus in females. Both males and females exhibited significant correlation in foot dimensions between the left and right feet, with minimal differences. Under the half weight-bearing condition, the average foot length, width, and circumference were significantly larger than the corresponding measurements under the no weight-bearing condition, while the average height and angle were significantly smaller. Therefore, when designing footwear and foot-related medical rehabilitation aids, it is important to consider foot shape and dimensions under different conditions as a reference. The results of this study provide manufacturers of foot- related products with more detailed data support and are of significant value to the field of medical foot morphology research.

KEY WORDS: 3D Foot; Anthropometry; No Weight-Bearing; Half Weight-Bearing; Shape Difference.

How to cite this article

CAO, B.; WANG, J.; SHI, W.; LU, X. & ZHOU, K. 3D foot anthropometric measurements under two weight-bearing conditions for ergonomic design of foot-related products. Int. J. Morphol., 41(4):1209-1218, 2023.