The Hamstrings Muscles and their Prophylactic Capacity on Anterior Tibial Translation in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury: A Systematic Review

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Alberto Mouriño-Cabaleiro; Helena Vila; Miguel A. Saavedra-García & Juan J. Fernández-Romero


Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is the most common knee injury to undergo surgery in the sports setting. The main objective of this review was to analyze the importance of hamstring function as a risk factor for potential ACL injury. It was conducted following the Preferred Reported Item for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The source of data collection was direct consultation of the Pubmed, Sportdiscus, Web of Science and Scopus databases. For documentary retrieval, several key words were used and the quality of the studies that were selected was assessed using the PEDro scale. Muscle function deficits in the hamstrings have been related to increased anterior tibial translation and, as a consequence, increased tensional stress on the ACL between 10° and 45° of knee flexion. A co-activation of the hamstrings with the quadriceps may be helpful in reducing the risk factors for ACL injury.

KEY WORDS: Tension stress; Anterior cruciate ligament; Team sports.

How to cite this article

MOURIÑO-CABALEIRO, A.; VILA, H.; SAAVEDRA- GARCÍA, M. A. & FERNÁNDEZ-ROMERO, J. J. The hamstrings muscle and their prophylactic capacity on anterior tibial translation in anterior cruciate ligament injury: A systematic review. Int. J. Morphol., 41(4):1009-1014, 2023.