### Phatchariya Nanagara; Thiti Mahacharoen; Pagorn Navic; Pittayarat Intasuwan & Pasuk Mahakkanukrauh

#### Stature estimation is one of the essential procedures for personal identification in forensic osteology. Therefore, the purposes of this study are to analyze the correlation between length and width of metatarsal measurements and stature, and to develop the regression equations for a Thai population. In this study, the samples were divided into two groups. The first group was called the “training group” for generating stature estimation equations, comprised of 200 skeletons, aged between 19-94 years. The second group was called the “test group” for evaluating the accuracy of generated equations, comprising 40 skeletons. The correlation between metatarsal parameters and stature were moderate to high, and all variables had positive significant correlation with stature. For males, the left ML2 is the length variable that showed the most correlation degree against stature (r=0.702), and the left MSW4 is the width variable that had the most correlation degree against stature (r=0.483). For females, right ML1 is the length variable that had the most correlation degree against stature (r=0.632), and right PW3 is the width stature that had the most correlation degree against stature (r=0.481). For all samples, left ML1 was the length variable that had the most correlation degree against stature (r=0.796) and right PW3 was the width variable that had the most correlation degree against stature (r=0.712). The results of generating multiple regression equations using a stepwise method reveals that the correlation coefficient (R) and standard error of estimate (SEE) were 0.761 and 4.96 cm, respectively, for males, and 0.752 and 4.93 cm for females, with 0.841 and 5.26 cm for all samples, respectively. According to these results, the mean of absolute error from the test group ranged from 3 to 5 cm. Therefore, stature estimation equations using length and width of metatarsals from our study can be applied to estimate stature in the Thai population.

#### KEY WORDS: Stature estimation; Metatarsal bones; Osteometry; Thai population; Forensic osteology.

#### NANAGARA, P.; MAHACHAROEN, T.; NAVIC, P.; INTASUWAN, P. & MAHAKKANUKRAUH, P. Estimation of stature based on metatarsal bones in a Thai population. *Int. J. Morphol., 41(3)*:985-995, 2023.