Internal Structural Connections in the Popliteus Tendon Complex with Posterior Cruciate Ligament and Clinical Implications

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Wen-Bin Jiang; Chan Li; Shi-Zhu Sun; Ting-Wei Song; Campbell Gilmore; Wei Tang; Sheng-Bo Yu & Hong-Jin Sui


At present, the anatomical relationship the mid-portion of popliteus tendon complex (PTC) and the surrounding tissues is still unclear, especially its relationship to the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL). It affected the anatomical reconstruction of the posterolateral complex (PLC) injury. A total of 30 cases of the adult human knee joint fixed with formalin were used. Sagittal sections were made in 14 knee joints by the P45 plastination technique and dissection of 16 cases of knee joints. The P45 section revealed that the popliteus muscle fascia ran superiorly over the posterior edge of the tibial intercondylar eminence, and turned forward to be integrated into the PCL. Laterally, near the posterior edge of the lateral tibial plateau, the popliteus tendon penetrates through the articular capsule (AC), where two dense fibrous bundles were given off upwards by the popliteus tendon: one was the ventral fiber bundle, which ran superiorly over the posterior edge of the tibial plateau and then moved forwards to connect with the lateral meniscus; the dorsal fibers bundle ascended directly and participated in the AC. Meanwhile, the popliteus muscle dissection showed that at the posterior edge of the platform of the lateral condyle of the tibia, at the tendon-muscle transition, the PTC and AC were anchored to PCL.

KEY WORDS: Knee; Posterolateral complex; Popliteus tendon complex; Anatomy reconstruction; P45 plastination technique.

How to cite this article

JIANG, W. B.; LI, C.; SUN, S. Z.; SONG, T. W.; GILMORE, C.; TANG, W.; YU, S. B. & SUI, H. J. Internal structural connections in the popliteus tendon complex with posterior cruciate ligament and clinical implications. Int. J. Morphol., 41(3):953-958, 2023.