HDAC2 Inhibits Hippocampal Neurogenesis and Impairs the Cognitive Function in Prenatally Stressed Adult Offspring

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Libin Liao; BingRu Chai; Tian Zhao; Wentao Liu; Xinyi Zhang; Xiaoxu Xu; Xiaohan Tian; Mengjiao Lv; Xueping Yao & Shengbin Bai


The objective of this study was to investigate the mechanism of prenatal stress on the cognitive function of offspring, and clarify the change of histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) expression in hippocampal neurons of offspring. 16 pregnant SD rats were randomly divided into control group and stress group, with eight rats in each group. The stress group received restrained stress from 15 to 21 days of pregnancy, while the control group did not receive any treatment. Anxiety-like behavior and spatial memory,learning and memory ability were detected in open field, elevated plus maze, novel object recognition test, and Barnes maze. Nissl staining was used to detect the function of hippocampal neurons. Western blot was used to detect the expression of HDAC2 protein in hippocampal neurons of adult offspring. Immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the expression of HDAC2 protein and hippocampal neurogenesis. The learning and memory ability of adult offspring was decreased.The prenatal stress damaged the function of hippocampal neurons , the expression of HDAC2 was down-regulated, and the number of neurons was reduced. Maternal prenatal stress can down-regulate the expression of HDAC2 in the hippocampus of offspring, inhibits hippocampal neurogenesis and impairs the cognitive function. KEY WORDS: HDAC2; Stress; Cognitive impairment; Epigenetics.

How to cite this article

LIAO, L.; CHAI, B. R.; ZHAO, T.; LIU, W.; ZHANG, X.; XU, X.; TIAN, X.; LV, M.; YAO, X. & BAI, S. HDAC2 inhibits hippocampal neurogenesis and impairs the cognitive function in prenatally stressed adult offspring. Int. J. Morphol., 41(3):811-818, 2023.