Lejla Dervisevic; Zurifa Ajanovic; Ilvana Hasanbegovic; Amela Dervisevic; Almira Lujinovic; Maida Sahinovic; Jasmina Biscevic Tokic; Dzan Ahmed Jasenkovic & Emina Dervisevic
The preserved form of all components of the nerve fiber is a prerequisite for the proper conduction of the nerve impulse. various factors can change the shape of nerve fibers. In everyday practice, qualitative histological analysis is the gold standard for detecting changes in shape. Geometric morphometry is an innovative method that objectively enables the assessment of changes in nerve fibers' shape after local anesthetics action. A total of sixty sciatic nerves were used as material, which was intraneural injected with saline solution in the control group (n=30), and a solution of 1.33 % liposomal bupivacaine (n=30) in the test group. After the animals were sacrificed, nerve samples were taken and histological preparations were made. The preparations were first described and examined using a qualitative histological method, after which digital images were made. The images were entered into the MorphoJ program and processed using the method of geometric morphometry. Qualitative histological examination revealed no differences in nerve fibers after intraneurally applied physiological solution and liposomal bupivacaine. Using the method of geometric morphometry, a statistically significant change in the shape of axons was found after intraneurally applied saline solution and liposomal bupivacaine (p=0.0059). No significant differences in histological changes were found after the qualitative histological analysis of nerve fiber cross-section preparations. A statistically significant change in the shape of nerve fiber axons was observed after geometric morphometric analysis of digital images after intraneural application of saline and liposomal bupivacaine.
KEY WORDS: Liposomal bupivacaine; Nerve fiber; Qualitative histology; Geometric morphometry; Shape.
DERVISEVIC, L.; AJANOVIC, Z.; HASANBEGOVIC, I.; DERVISEVIC, A.; LUJINOVIC, A.; SAHINOVIC, M.; TOKIC, B. J.; JASENKOVIC, D. & DERVISEVIC, E. Qualitative histologic assessment vs. geomorphometric analysis of nerve fiber shape after the intraneural application of liposomal bupivacaine. Int. J. Morphol., 41(3):804-810, 2023.