Immunofluorescence Analysis of Estrogen and Progesterone Receptors and Ki-67 Nuclear Protein in Canine Uteri Treated with Medroxyprogesterone Acetate During Anestrus

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Paulo Salinas; Maria Angélica Miglino & Mariano del Sol


Estradiol and progesterone receptors play an essential role in the changes occurring in the uterus during the estrus cycle in dogs (Canis lupus familiaris). In order to investigate the potential effect of progestational agent medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) when is used during anestrus on the expression of estradiol receptors [ER], progesterone receptors [PR] and nuclear protein Ki67, we evaluated uterine tissue immunohistochemically. Uteri were grouped as nulliparous (control, n=11), multiparous (n=11) and treated with MPA (n=11; nulliparous with two treatments; 5mg/kg; i.m.). The amount and location of PR, ER and Ki67 were studied on the epithelial surface, apical and basal regions of the endometrium and myometrium using immunohistochemical techniques with a spectral confocal microscope and analyzed by ANOVA. Differences in ER were observed between the multiparous and MPA-treated groups in the apical region of the endometrium (p=0.0022). Differences in cell proliferation were detected between the nulliparous and multiparous groups (p=0.0037) and nulliparous and MPA-treated groups (p=0.0003) in the basal region of the endometrium. In conclusion, two doses of MPA (5mg/kg; i.m.) do not have a significant effect on the expression of ER and PR; however, they inhibit cell proliferation in the basal region of the endometrium, which includes the stroma, subepithelial cell layer, compact layer, and spongy layer. The clinical and long-term effect of this treatment should be evaluated in subsequent studies.

KEY WORDS: Canis lupus familiaris; Uterus; Medroxyprogesterone acetate; Estradiol; Progesterone; Ki67.

How to cite this article

SALINAS, P.; MIGLINO, M. A. & DEL SOL, M. A. Immunofluorescence analysis of estrogen and progesterone receptors and ki-67 nuclear protein in canine uteri treated with medroxyprogesterone acetate during anestrus. Int. J. Morphol., 41(3):725-732, 2023.