Yan Liu; Jihai Zhu; Jun Liu; Zhanhai Su; Xueman Ma; Haiyan Wang; Yonghua Xing & Jun Zhao
Gastrin plays a vital role in the development and progression of gastric cancer (GC). Its expression is up-regulated in GC tissues and several GC cell lines. Yet, the underlying mechanism remains to be investigated. Here, we aim to investigate the role and mechanism of gastrin in GC proliferation. Gastrin-overexpressing GC cell model was constructed using SGC7901 cells. Then the differentially expressed proteins were identified by iTRAQ analysis. Next, we use flow cytometry and immunofluorescence to study the effect of gastrin on the mitochondrial potential and mitochondria-derived ROS production. Finally, we studied the underlying mechanism of gastrin regulating mitochondrial function using Co-IP, mass spectrometry and immunofluorescence. Overexpression of gastrin promoted GC cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. A total of 173 proteins were expressed differently between the controls and gastrin- overexpression cells and most of these proteins were involved in tumorigenesis and cell proliferation. Among them, Cox17, Cox5B and ATP5J that were all localized to the mitochondrial respiratory chain were down-regulated in gastrin-overexpression cells. Furthermore, gastrin overexpression led to mitochondrial potential decrease and mitochondria-derived ROS increase. Additionally, gastrin-induced ROS generation resulted in the inhibition of cell apoptosis via activating NF-κB, inhibiting Bax expression and promoting Bcl-2 expression. Finally, we found gastrin interacted with mitochondrial membrane protein Annexin A2 using Co-IP and mass spectrometry. Overexpr ession of gastrin inhibits GC cell apoptosis by inducing mitochondrial dysfunction through interacting with mitochondrial protein Annexin A2, then up-regulating ROS production to activate NF-κB and further leading to Bax/Bcl-2 ratio decrease.
KEY WORDS: Gastrin, gastric cancer; Mitochondria; ROS; NF-κB; Annexin A2.
LIU, Y.; ZHU, J.; LIU, J.; SU, Z.; MA, X.; WANG, H.; XING, Y.; ZHAO, J. Over-expression of gastrin inhibits apoptosis of gastric cancer cells via reactive oxygen species and annexin A2-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction. Int. J. Morphol., 41(1):308-318, 2023.