Immunohistochemical Evidence of Melatonin Protection on Lung Tissue During Chemotherapy

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Ya Mao; Hongxia Ma; Attalla F. El-kott; Mashael Mohammed Bin-Meferij; Fayez Shaldoum & Diaa Massoud


The present study investigated the possible protective effects of melatonin on Bleomycin, Cisplatin and etoposide (BEP) chemotherapy regimens using immunohistochemistry. Forty male Wistar rats were divided into four groups of ten as; group 1 as untreated control; group 2 as BEP group which received the three cycles of 21 days’ regimen each of 0.5¥ dose levels ofBEP (bleomycin 0.75 mg/kg, etoposide 7.5 mg/kg and cisplatin 1.5 mg/kg). Rats in the group 3 (MEL group) received 10 mg/kg/day melatonin once daily. Group 4 received the melatonin (30 min before the BEP injections) and BEP as in groups 2. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) staining was used to detect cell proliferation and caspase-3, caspase-9 and Caspase-8 were detected to investigate apoptosis. PCNA immunostaining in alveolar epithelium, alveolar macrophages and bronchus was weak to moderate in BEP group. However, diffuse and strong caspase immunoreactions for caspase-3, caspase 8- and caspase-9 were detected in the bronchioles epithelium, vascular endothelium, alveolar luminal macrophages in the BEP group. PCNA and caspase immunoreactivities in MEL and Mel + BEP groups were close to the control one. The surface are in the BEP group was significantly reduced as compared to the control one ((P<0.05). However, in MEL and Mel + BEP groups, it was close to the control value (P>0.05). It can be concluded that BEP regimen can affects negatively on lung tissue and melatonin inhibits lung tissue injuries during BEP chemotherapy.

KEY WORDS: BEP chemotherapy; Stereology; Melatonin; Antioxidant; Apoptosis.

How to cite this article

MAO, Y.; MA, H.; EL-KOTT , A. F.; BIN-MEFERIJ, M. M.; SHALDOUM, F. & MASSOUD, D. Immunohistochemical evidence of melatonin protection on lung tissue during chemotherapy. Int. J. Morphol., 41(1):167-174, 2023.