Structure and Function Adaption of Lung in Phrynocephalus vlangalii by Multiple Mechanisms

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Fengli An & Ying Zhang


Respiration and water-liquid transportation are controlled by many factors in the lung. The aim of this study was to explore the structure and proteins expression in lungs of Phrynocephalus vlangalii by means of gross anatomy, light microscope observation, scanning electron microscope and immunohistochemistry. Results show that there were many alveoli in the lung and the walls of alveoli and capillaries were very thin. The inner surface of the lung was divided into many cystic chambers by reticular diaphragm, and the network of pulmonary capillaries was dense. Immunohistochemistry showed that AQP1 was mainly expressed in the epithelium of interstitial bronchi, parabronchiole endothelium, capillary endothelium and alveolar epithelial cells. VIP positive nerve fibers are mainly distributed in trachea, bronchial smooth muscle layer, the walls of pulmonary vessels and bronchial vessels and around submucosal glands. CECR2 is distributed in peripheral capillaries and small. Investigations of structure and proteins biology could be relevant with the adaptive strategy to drought and hypoxia environment in Phrynocephalus vlangalii.

KEY WORDS: Phrynocephalus vlangalii; AQP1; VIP; CECR2; Immunohistochemistry.

How to cite this article

AN, F. & ZHANG, Y. Structure and function adaption of lung in Phrynocephalus vlangalii by multiple mechanisms. Int. J. Morphol., 41(1):65-72, 2023.