Qualitative and Quantitative Characteristics of the Passive Compartment Underneath the Myocardial Bridge Comprising the Blood Vessel Adventitia and the Perivascular Connective Tissue

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lmira Lujinovic; Dina Kapic; Esad Cosovic; Maida Sahinovic; Azra Metovic; Jasmin Musanovic; Zurifa Ajanovic & Lejla Dervisevic


Myocardial bridges are inborn anomalies frequently found in authopsies. Although tipically clinically silent, they are occasionally associated with severe clinical manifestations, e.g. myocardial ischemia or even sudden death. The pathophysiology and risk factors for these manifestations have not yet been completely elucidated. The connective tissue underneath the bridge has been considered as one of the factors the symptoms depend on. Thus, the aim of this research was to determine the histological characteristics of the connective tissue lying underneath the myocardial bridge and to contribute to a better understanding of the protective effects this passive compartment might have in prevention of severe clinical manifestations of myocardial bridging.The study was carried out on twenty hearts with myocardial bridges. Length of the bridge was determined using a precise electronic caliper. Sections of the myocardial bridges with the underlying connective tissue were obtained and prepared for qualitative and quantitative analysis. The connective tissue underneath the bridges was composed of adipose tissue and loose connective tissue in different ratios. The tissue underneath thin bridges was predominantly composed of adipose tissue, while loose connective tissue was the dominant component under thick bridges. The myocardial bridges had an average thickness of 0,98 ± 0.44 mm and an average length of 15,25±5,65 mm. We found a strong positive correlation between the myocardial bridge thickness and length (r = 0,860, p = 0,0001). The thickness of the passive connective tissue compartment under the myocardial bridges was 0,58±0,22 mm, and there was no correlation between this parameter and the myocardial bridge thickness (r = -0,011; p = 0,963). In the clinical evaluation of patients with these anomalies it is necessary to take into account independently the myocardial bridge thickness and length on one side and the thickness of the connective tissue lying underneath it on the other.

KEY WORDS: Myocardial bridge; Perivascular connective tissue; Tunica adventitia.

How to cite this article

LUJINOVIC, A.; KAPIC, D.; COSOVIC, E.; SAHINOVIC, M.; METOVIC, A.; MUSANOVIC, J.; AJANOVIC, Z. & DERVISEVIC, L. Qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the passive compartment underneath the myocardial bridge comprising the blood vessel adventitia and the perivascular connective tissue. Int. J. Morphol., 40(6):1440-1444, 2022.