Effects of Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone Autograft on Joint Position and Strength in Patients With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

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Isabel Álvarez-Ortiz; Rony Silvestre; Sandra Mahecha-Matsudo; Matías Morán-Bravo; Jorge Morales-Zuñiga & Rodrigo Yáñez-Sepúlveda


The aim of the study was to compare the proprioceptive deficit through the Joint position sense (JPS) and Force steadiness in patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) bone-patellar tendon-bone graft (PTH) reconstruction 6 to 12 months post-surgery. Fifteen patients (13 men and 2 women, 25.5 ± 1.3 years) with ACL reconstruction with HTH autograft and 20 persons without ACL injury (19 men and 1 woman, 24.1 ± 0.8 years) participated. To assess knee joint position sensation, Joint position sense (JPS) was measured in three ranges: 0°-30°, 31°- 60° and 61°-90° and quadriceps strength sensation was assessed with the Force steadiness (FS) test at 15 % of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), both tests performed 6 to 12 months post surgery. The results showed that there were no statistically significant differences in joint position sensation (JPS 0°-30°) (p=0.564) and 31°-60° (p=0.681), while in the range 61°-90° (p=0.003) there were statistically significant differences. In the quadriceps strength sensation measurements (FS at 15 % CVM) between the patients operated on ACL HTH technique and the con- trol group there were no statistical differences (p= 0.987). The quadriceps strength sensation measured with the FS test at 15 % CVM would not present a deficit between 6 to 12 months in post- operated ACL patients when compared to subjects without injury or surgery of this ligament. It is concluded that the joint position sensation measured with the JPS test in three joint ranges of patients with ACL reconstruction HTH graft 6 to 12 months post surgery only showed alterations in the range of 61°- 90° when compared to the control group, indicating that the joint position sensation presents a deficit in this specific range.

KEY WORDS: Patellar tendon; Proprioception; Joint position sense; Force steadiness.

How to cite this article

ÁLVAREZ-ORTIZ, I.; SILVESTRE, R.; MAHECHA- MATSUDO, S.; MORÁN-BRAVO, M.; MORALES-ZUÑIGA, J. & YÁÑEZ-SEPÚLVEDA, R. Effects of bone-patellar tendon- bone autograft on joint position and strength in patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Int. J. Morphol., 40(5):1186- 1193, 2022.