The Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum in Hepatocytes Stimulated with Different Doses of Infrared Laser

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Cornejo, R.; Garrido, O.; Bustamante, C. & Muñoz, M.



A total of 24 female Sprague-Dawley rats aged 4 months and weighing approximately 250 g, were divided into four groups labeled A, B, C and D. Group A received no infrared stimulation and served as control. Group B was radiated with a dose of 4 J/cm2 of infrared laser, Group C with doses of 8 J/cm2 and Group D with 16 J/cm2. This infrared stimulation was carried out daily for 15 days uninterrupted. The rats were then sacrificed and samples of both normal-control liver and liver stimulated with the different infrared doses were extracted for immediate processing via transmission electron microscopy. Transmission electron microphotographs were obtained at magnifications of 21300X from both normal and stimulated hepatocytes; these were subjected to morphometric studies to determine volumetric fractions with special emphasis on the smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER) and the following cell components: rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER), mitochondria, glycogen, eu and heterochromatin. Likewise, cell and nuclear areas were quantified. Analysis of the results of normal and stimulated hepatocytes with different infrared doses showed considerable differences in all the quantified cell components and particularly from the SER it is concluded that the effects of these stimulations bring about a drastic transformation in the ultrastructure and morphology of the hepatocytes, which may ultimately translate into a functional variation, thus representing the effect that these stimulations cause in this cell type.

KEY WORDS: Infrared laser; Hepatocytes; Morphometry; Smooth endoplasmic reticulum; SER.

How to cite this article

CORNEJO, R.; GARRIDO, O.; BUSTAMANTE, C. & MUÑOZ, M. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum in hepatocytes stimulated with different doses of infrared laser. Int. J. Morphol., 32(3):1009-1014, 2014.