Sonia Osorio-Toro; Alejandro Rodríguez-Campo & Howard Ramirez-Malule
The study and teaching of human anatomy is one of the cornerstones of education of basis science in health professionals. The aim of this study was to present a bibliometric analysis of the global outputs of research on the teaching and learning of human anatomy in the last two decades. The Scopus database was used to search and retrieve studies related to this topic between 2001 and February 10, 2021. A total of 10,481 documents were found through a systematic search strategy. A growing trend in publishing research results was evidenced, starting in 2001 with a considerable increase between 2012 and 2015. Four clusters were identified in studies related to teaching-learning methodologies of human anatomy. These clusters correspond to traditional methods and emerging methodologies such as the use of information and communication technologies, 3D impressions and diagnostic images. In addition, the results of this study indicate that the United States, the United Kingdom and Germany were the countries with the highest production in the number of publications on this topic. Although new methodologies have been included in teaching and learning human anatomy, such as the use of information and communication technologies, the trend in these processes continues to be mediated by the traditional method of cadaveric dissection. However, there is an increase in the immersion of virtual resources as part of these methodologies that should be integrated.
KEY WORDS: Teaching; Learning; Human anatomy; Bibliometric analysis.
OSORIO-TORO, S.; RODRÍGUEZ-CAMPO, A. & RAMIREZ-MALULE, H. Bibliometric analysis of global research output on teaching and learning of human anatomy. Int. J. Morphol., 40(3):789-795, 2022.