Strength and Strength-Related Anthropometric Parameters of the International Level Canoe Slalom Male Paddlers

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Jan Busta; Klára Coufalova1 & Darryl James Cochrane


The aim of the study was to determine the differences in hand-grip strength and strength-related anthropometric parameters between the highest-performance international paddlers (HILP) and other international paddlers (ILP) in canoe slalom. In male competitors (n=48; 23 canoeists and 25 kayakers) who took part in the 2018 European championship event in canoe slalom in Prague, Czech Republic representing 15 European countries were measured hand-grip strength and strength-related anthropometric parameters two days prior the event. Differences between the group of HILP (medallists from Olympic Games, world championship and European championship in the previous three years and European championship finalists at the same time) and ILP were found. HILP have significantly higher forearm, arm and chest girths than ILP. Moderate or high practical differences and margin statistic differences were found also for hand-grip strength, body weight, body mass index and age. The consistently high-performing paddlers are heavier, have more muscular upper body and are stronger than the other group, while keeping their lower body lean. Therefore, regular upper-body strength training to all canoe slalom paddlers is important but caution is required because body weight over 80 kg may be a limiting factor.

KEY WORDS: Water sport; Training; Handgrip; Whitewater; Canoe slalom.

How to cite this article

BUSTA, J.; COUFALOVÁ, K. & COCHRANE, D. J. Strength and strength-related anthropometric parameters of the international level canoe slalom male paddlers. Int. J. Morphol., 40(3):579-583, 2022.