Occlusal Polygon Area of the Molars in Six Colombian Ethnic Groups

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Manuel Garcia; Natalia González; Diana Martínez; Katherine Torres; Maira Moreno; Adriana Jaramillo & Freddy Moreno


Descriptive observational cross-sectional study to determine the AOP of the second molars (55, 65, 75, 85) and the first permanent molars (16, 26, 36 and 46) in 459 study models corresponding to six ethnic groups in Colombia, Embera indigenous of Alto Baudó (Chocó), Caucasoid mestizos of Cali (Valle del Cauca), African descent of Cali (Valle del Cauca), Misak indigenous of Silvia (Cauca), Nasa indigenous of Morales (Cauca), and indigenous of Leticia (Amazonas). There were no significant differences of AOP among the six ethnic groups except when compared to the Amazon Indians with African descent of Cali, Embera indigenous and Nasa indigenous. There was no sexual dimorphism except tooth 65 for all ethnic groups. There was bilateral symmetry except between teeth 16 and 26. The distance matrix showed that Caucasoid mestizos of Cali were grouped with microdont populations, Amazon indigenous, Embera indigenous, Misak indigenous and Nasa indigenous, and African descendants of Cali were grouped with mesodont populations.The Embera and Amazon indigenous had the highest values of OAP associated with the relative isolation and less mestizaje. Overall, there was no sexual dimorphism or bilateral asymmetry. This study coincides with the different theories about reducing the size of the teeth as evolutionary characteristic of hominids.

KEY WORDS: Dental anthropology; Dental dimensions; Occlusal surface; Intercuspal distance; Occlusal polygon area.

How to cite this article

GARCIA, M.; GONZÁLEZ, N.; MARTÍNEZ, D.; TORRES, K.; MORENO, M.; JARAMILLO, A. & MORENO, F. Occlusal polygon area of the molars in six colombian ethnic groups. Int. J. Morphol., 40(2):466-473, 2022.