Anatomical Description and Variations of the Anterior Arterial Brain Circulation in Colombian Cadaveric Specimens

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Harold Palmera Pineda; Luis Fernando Martínez; Javier Amaya-Nieto; Andrés Camilo Prieto Forero & Juan Carlos Luque Suarez


Understanding microsurgical neuroanatomy is a fundamental part of the training of neurosurgeons. Notwithstanding the fact that throughout history the study in cadavers has been a fundamental part of training, the publication of these studies has never marked a trend, and in our country the available studies are limited. A descriptive anatomical study was carried out on 22 specimens regarding the anatomical arrangement of the anterior circulation arteries of the brain and the most frequent anatomical variants in the sample used. To this end, bilateral pterional and bifrontal approaches were performed, obtaining a total of 132 arteries, including supraclinoid internal carotid arteries (ICA), anterior cerebral arteries in their A1 segment (ACA), and middle cerebral arteries in their M1 segment (MCA). measurements in each of these segments were made and anatomical variants were documented. Out of 22 cadaveric specimens, 17 (77 %) were male. the mean age was 59 years (range 36-81 years). Internal carotid artery mean length was 12.73 and 12.86 in the right and left side respectively. Anatomical variants identified were hypoplasia of segment A1 in 1 (4.5 %) specimen, duplication in 1 (4.5 %) and trifurcation of segment M1 in 3 (13.6 %) specimens. A similarity was found between our data and data reported by literature, with some differences, especially in the anterior communicating artery.

KEY WORDS: Neuroanatomy,; Carotid artery; Anatomic models; Cadaveric simulation.

How to cite this article

PALMERA, P. H.; MARTÍNEZ, L. F.; AMAYA-NIETO, J.; PRIETO, F. A. C. & LUQUE, S. J. C. Anatomical description and variations of the anterior arterial brain circulation in Colombian cadaveric specimens. Int. J. Morphol., 39(6):1587-1591, 2021.