Body Composition, Bioelectrical Parameters, and Handgrip Strength in Federated and Recreational Chilean Climbers

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Francisco Olate-Gómez; Guillermo Gajardo-Araya; RodrigoYáñez-Sepúlveda; Jorge Olivares-Arancibia; Javier Sanchez-Martinez & Sam Hernández-Jaña


This study aimed to determine and compa- re the body composition, bioelectric parameters, and handgrip strength in federated and recreational Chilean climbers. Thirteen Chilean climbers voluntarily participated, being 4 federated (25.75 ± 2.87 years) and 9 recreational (22.33 ± 1.41 years). Body composition was measured using a multifrequency octopolar bioelectrical impedance meter, while handgrip strength was determined with a dynamometer. Although there were no statistical differences in the body composition variables between groups, the trunk phase angle was statistically higher in the federated compared to the recreational climbers (p = 0,011 [95 % CI = 1,10; 5,20]). Regarding handgrip strength, the relative strength was higher for federated (p = 0,025 [95 % CI = 0,10; 0,22]), while the difference in strength between dominant and non-dominant hand was higher for recreational climbers (p = 0,012 [95 % CI = 1,60; 10,05]). This study is one of the first that explore the differences between federated and recreational Chilean climbers. These results suggest a differentiation at the level of phase angle and handgrip strength, which should be corroborated in future studies.

KEY WORDS: Muscle mass; Fat mass; Dynamometer; Bioelectrical impedance; Climbing.

How to cite this article

OLATE-GÓMEZ, F. ;GAJARDO-ARAYA, G.;YÁÑEZ- SEPÚLVEDA, R.; OLIVARES-ARANCIBIA, J.;SANCHEZ- MARTINEZ, J. & HERNÁNDEZ-JAÑA, S. Body composition, bioelectrical parameters, and handgrip strength in federated and recreational Chilean climbers. Int. J. Morphol., 39(5):1547-1553, 2021.