3D-Printed Model of the Ovine Stomach by Surface Scanning: Evaluation for Teaching Veterinary Anatomy

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Rosa María Mendaza-DeCal & Concepción Rojo


This study investigated the use of fused deposition modeling (FDM), three-dimensional (3D) printed models, of the ovine stomach to learn surface and topographical anatomy. The objectives were: i) to faithfully reproduce the external morphology, the normal volume and the correct positioning of the four compartments of the stomach ii) to facilitate students the spatial visualization of the organ with emphasis on the complex relationship stomach-greater omentum. The model was built based on surface scanning. To obtain the images the ovine stomach was scanned using a 3D surface scanner. Assessment of the model was performed through surveys to first-year veterinary students after the practical sessions in which, they studied and compared both real and 3D-printed specimens. Regarding morphology no significant differences were reported, students were equally able to identify the different structures and compartments on the 3D-printed model. Understanding of both spatial position and relationship of the stomach with neighboring anatomical structures was easier achieved with the 3D-printed model. Other advantages of the 3D-printed model were handle-resistance and ease of handling, availability and reduction of animal specimens. We propose that 3D-printed ovine stomach by surface scanning is a valuable simple model to support learning of surface and topographical anatomy.

KEY WORDS: 3D printing scan; Ovine stomach; Veterinary anatomy.

How to cite this article

MENDAZA-DECAL, R. M. & ROJO, C. 3D-printed model of the ovine stomach by surface scanning: Evaluation for teaching veterinary anatomy. Int. J. Morphol., 39(5):1480-1486, 2021.