Morphological Study of the Brain and Cranial Nerves of Diplobatis ommata (Elasmobranchii: Narcinidae)

DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022014000400005
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Héctor Marcos Montes Domínguez; Raquel López Bárcenas & Mónica González Isáis

Summary

The Torpediniformes group is one of the ancestral batoid lines, the evolution of which has followed a line separated from the rest of this group. No studies have been conducted on the brain morphology of Diplobatis ommata. This is why the objective of this work is describing the anatomy of the brain and the cranial nerves of this species. Organisms were collected in Zihuatanejo, Guerrero, Mexico. The brain was obtained through conventional dissection techniques. The brain of Diplobatis ommata is similar to that of basal sharks; however, it has the electric vesicle typical in Torpediniformes. The largest encephalic structures are the olfactory bulbs and medulla oblongata. The telencephalon is reduced, while the cerebellum has bilateral symmetry and is almost smooth. Disposition of cranial nerves are similar to other batoid groups; but innervation of pairs VII, IX and X is modified: they innervate regions conventionally described, but also electric organs.

KEY WORDS: Elasmobranchii; Torpediniformes; Diplobatis; Brain; Cranial nerves.

How to cite this article

MONTES, D. H. M.; LÓPEZ, B. R. & GONZÁLEZ, I. M. Morphological study of the brain and cranial nerves of Diplobatis ommata (Elasmobranchii: Narcinidae). Int. J. Morphol., 32(4):1152-1155, 2014.