Morphological Analysis of the Mandibular Condyle by Cone Beam Computed Tomography in Relation to Sex in a Mexican Population

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José Carlos López Ramírez; José Obed García Cortes; Wulfrano Sánchez Meraz; Ricardo Oliva Rodríguez; Francisco Javier Gutiérrez Cantú & Jairo Mariel Cárdenas


The temporomandibular joint is a double and symmetrical structure, whit a complex range of movements. Condylar morphology can vary depending on sex, age, among other factors. 100 cone beam computed tomography scans (50 men and 50 women) divided into 4 groups were analyzed. Significant differences were identified between the flattened vs oval forms on the condyle and, in turn a difference was found between the right vs left sides between men and women. Cone beam computed tomography analysis has acceptable accuracy for the diagnosis of TMJ bone abnormalities, articular components, cortical bone integrity and subcortical bone abnormalities.

KEY WORDS: Temporomandibular joint; Cone beam computed tomography; Temporomandibular disorders.

How to cite this article

LÓPEZ, R. J. C.; GARCÍA, C. J. O.; SÁNCHEZ, M. W.; OLIVA, R. W.; GUTIÉRREZ, C. F. J. & CÁRDENAS, J. M. Morphological analysis of the mandibular condyle by cone beam computed tomography in relation to sex in a mexican population. Int. J. Morphol., 39(5):1420-1428, 2021.