The aim of this study was to clarify the diverse spinal compositions of the branches of the lumbar plexus in terms of their prevalence rates and thicknesses. Thirty lumbar plexuses extracted from Korean adults were used in this study. The nerve fascicles were separated and traced with the aid of a surgical microscope. The thickness of each spinal nerve component was calculated based on the mean of the largest and smallest diameters using digital calipers under the surgical microscope. The most common patterns of the spinal composition of the branches of the lumbar plexus were as follows: The iliohypogastric nerve (IHN) and the ilioinguinal nerve (IIN) arose from the ventral ramus of the first lumbar nerve (L1), the genitofemoral nerve (GFN) arose from the anterior division of the ventral ramus of the second lumbar nerve (L2), and the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) arose from the posterior division of the ventral ramus of theL2, the femoral nerve (FN) arose from the posterior division of the ventral ramus of L2–the fourth lumbar nerve (L4), with the thickest spinal component derived from the third lumbar nerve (L3), and the obturator nerve (OBN) arose from the anterior division of the ventral ramus of L2–L4, with the thickest spinal component derived from L3. However, when L5 constituted the FN and OBN, the thickest spinal components of the FN and OBN was L4. This morphometric study has measured the thicknesses of diverse spinal components that constitute the branches of the lumbar plexus after separating the nerve fascicles. The thicknesses of the various spinal components of these branches can be compared in order to understand which make the main and minor contributions to the lower limb.
KEY WORDS: Lumbar plexus; Spinal nerve composition; Thickness.
HYUN-JU, J. & MI-SUN, H. Morphometry of spinal nerve composition and thicknesses of lumbar plexus nerves for use in clinical applications. Int. J. Morphol., 39(4):1006-1011, 2021.