Goncharuk Oleksii O.; Savosko Serhii I.; Petriv Taras I.; Medvediev Volodymyr V. & Tsymbaliuk Vitaly I.
The effectiveness of microsurgical technique has a direct impact on the recovery of the injured peripheral nerve. The aim of our study was to investigate the result of sciatic nerve regeneration in rats after complete neurotomy and after nerve repair techniques including: 1) epineural suture; 2) polyethylene glycol hydrogel (PEG) (DuraSeal); 3) fibrin sealant (Tisseel). The cross-section of distal sciatic nerve was studied at 14th, 30th and 60th days after nerve repair. Morphometry of myelinated nerve fibers in the distal stump of the sciatic nerve was performed. A significant increase in the number of myelinated nerve fibers was found, especially between 14 and 30 days. The density of myelinated nerve fibers in the distal stump at day 60 was significantly higher after using nerve repair technique including PEG and fibrin versus epineural suture (29.2 % and 32.1 % versus 21.5 %, P <0.05), and a higher level of remyelination of nerve fibers observed in the group with PEG. On day 60, complete elimination of PEG and fibrin sealant was not observed, encapsulation was found around the clusters of hydrogel. Thereby, three peripheral nerve repair techniques were equally effective, only with the use of PEG remyelination of nerve fibers was increasing.
KEY WORDS: Sciatic nerve; Regeneration; Epineural suture; Polyethylene glycol; Fibrin glue.
GONCHARUK, O. O.; SAVOSKO, S. I.; PETRIV, T. I.; MEDVEDIEV, V. V. & TSYMBALIUK, V. I. Morphometric study of rat sciatic nerve recovery after three nerve repair techniques: Epineural suture, polyethylene glycol hydrogel and fibrin sealant. Int. J. Morphol., 39(3):677-682, 2021.