Pharyngeal Airway Space in Subjects with Class II and Class III Facial Deformities

DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022014000400024
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Sergio Olate; Mario Cantín; Bélgica Vásquez; Mariano del Sol; Miguel Henriquez-Alarcón & Márcio de Moraes

Summary

Facial deformities are related to morphological differences and the mandible position shows differences in maxillomandible relation. The aim of this research was to compare the pharyngeal airway space (PAS) in subjects with class II and class III facial deformities We included 28 adult subjects with skeletal characteristics associated to class II or class III according to the SNA angle and dental overjet; subjects with facial asymmetry and other facial deformities and subjects with facial trauma or facial surgery history were excluded. Cone beam computed tomography was realized (CBCT) to asses the nasopharynx, oropharynx, hypopharynx, as well as the distance measured between the mandible genial spine and hyoid bone; data analysis were realized by descriptive analysis and statistical analysis using t test with 0.05 to show statistical differences. Class II subjects presented minor values in all of the measurements; in the oropharynx and the hypopharynx we observed the most important differences, with nasopharynx showing statistically significant differences (p<0.05). In conclusion class II subjects presented a minor pharyngeal airway space and it is suggested that this information should be used in the diagnosis process and prior to surgical treatment.

KEY WORDS: Facial deformity; Pharyngeal airway; Obstructive sleep apnea.

How to cite this article

OLATE, S.; CANTIN, M.; VASQUEZ, B.; DEL SOL, M.; HENRIQUEZ-ALARCÓN, M. & DE MORAES, M. Pharyngeal airway space in subjects with class II and class III facial deformities. Int. J. Morphol., 32(4):1271-1276, 2014.