Morphological Characterization of Biceps Femoris Muscle in the Dog

Tweet about this on TwitterShare on FacebookEmail this to someoneShare on Google+

Blanco, C.; Acerbo, M.; Martín, E.; Arzone, C.; Sánchez, G.; Calaudi, P.; Vidal Figueredo, R. J. & Pellegrino, F. C.


From previous studies on the anatomy of the femoral biceps muscle in the dog and with the aim of advancing in immunohistochemical and nervous characterization of this muscle, we studied the existence of subvolumes in muscle structure. We used blunt dissection in isolated muscle pieces fixed and treated with 25% nitric acid. The divisions of the sciatic nerve branches involved were used to guide the dissection. Three subvolumes were identified; one, involving the caudal head, and two in the cranial head belly; they were called caudal, proximal and distal respectively. We measured muscle fiber length, orientation, and macroscopic density to characterize these compartments. These subvolumes must be considered when muscle electromyography research is carried out, and for locomotion changes evaluation due to lesions in nerve and muscle structure of the canine pelvic limb.

KEY WORDS: Biceps femoris; Canine; Muscle compartmentalization.

How to cite this article

BLANCO, C.; ACERBO, M.; MARTÍN, E.; ARZONE, C.; SÁNCHEZ, G.; CALAUDI, P.; VIDAL FIGUEREDO, R. J. & PELLEGRINO, F. C. Morphological characterization of biceps femoris muscle in the dog. Int. J. Morphol., 32(4):1303-1305, 2014.