Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology have, in large part, permitted a more thorough understanding of those structures that conform the nervous system and mechanisms associated with the transmission of action potentials associated with the corticospinal tract. This assertion is made based upon a literature review of various databases and textbooks dedicated to said nerve tracts. The information obtained was ordered chronologically, and data was selected that, from the neuroanatomical and neurophysiological viewpoints, were most relevant and have permitted the comprehension of its functional mechanism. The thorough understanding of those elements that compose the corticospinal tract will permit its application in the health field and resolve multiple motor function problems.
KEY WORDS: History; Neuroanatomy; Corticospinal tract; Neurophysiology; Motor neuron.
DUQUE, P. J. E.; MENDOZA, Z. J. & BARCO, R. J. The corticospinal tract: historical perspective. Int. J. Morphol., 38(6):1614-1617, 2020.