Three-dimensional Virtual Models of 3D-Scanned Real Cadaveric Samples Used as a Complementary Educational Resource for the Study of Human Anatomy: Undergraduate Student’s Perception of this New Technology

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Gonzalo Tiznado-Matzner; Sandra Bucarey-Arriagada & Rodrigo Lizama Pérez


The emergence of the digital society in the 21st century due to great advances in information and communication technologies (ICT) has allowed the development of research, communication, and collaboration activities related to knowledge and information. ICTs have influenced many aspects of society, especially educational work, and many educational establishments have adopted these technologies in a bid to enhance their teaching methods. One of the most representative cases is the global expansion of e- learning platforms. Until now, the traditional method of study of human anatomy, a key component of any study plan in the health education area, has been mainly based on classic texts. However, different types of software made an appearance in this century such as the three-dimensional (3D) atlases consisting of digital illustrations of the human body. However, there might be a high cost of investment involved when purchasing these kind of software. This research aimed to study the perception of human anatomy students regarding the use of models of 3D-scanned real cadaveric samples available at, as a complementary educational resource to conventional study. A satisfaction survey was designed which consisted of four items. The survey was answered by 134 students. The format of the models, functionality of the resource, content and teaching of the resource, and finally the general evaluation, reached 96.8 %, 84.05 %, 81.14 %, and 89.4 % of perception of satisfaction, respectively. The results show that the new generations of students are immersed in a technological environment, therefore, both general and anatomy teaching could benefit from the use of new technologies.

KEY WORDS: 3D anatomy; Anatomy education; 3D digital models; Open educational resources; ICT.

How to cite this article

TIZNADO-MATZNER, G.; BUCAREY-ARRIAGADA, S.; & LIZAMA, P. R. Three-dimensional virtual models of 3D-scanned real cadaveric samples used as a complementary educational resource for the study of human anatomy: undergraduate student’s perception of this new technology. Int. J. Morphol., 38(6):1686-1692, 2020.