Morphometric Analysis of the Palpebral Fissure and Canthal Distance in Serbian Young Adults

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Knezi Nikola; Isaretovic Vladimir; Adjic Ivan; Babic Nikola; Maric Dusica & Stojsic Dzunja Ljubica


Frontaly and anteriorly the orbit is closed by a skin-muscular closure of eyelids. The eyelids limit the palpebral fissure, which is subject to geographical, racial, and age variations. As a part of the face, eyelids and palpebral fissure play a very important role in the attractiveness of the individual, but al so in the diagnosis of certain local and systemic pathological processes. The aim of the study was to perform a morphometric analysis of the palpebral fissure in a young population without pathological conditions and syndromes. The study was conducted on 90 subjects (45 male and 45 female) aged 19.28±0.69 years. Subjects were photographed with a Nikon D3400 camera, and the morphometric parameters were measured with the ImageJ 1.48v software. Statistical analysis of the data was performed in Windows Excel. The measurements in the study were the distance between the mid-points of both pupils, distance between both external canthi, distance between both internal canthi, palpebral fissure width and palpebral fissure height at three points. The average height of the palpebral fissure to the right is 9.35±1.55 mm and to the left is 9.41±1.56 mm. The average width of the palpebral fissure on the right is 27.05±1.71 mm and on the left is 27.18±1.68 mm. It was found that there was some difference in the measured parameters, however, this difference was not statistically significant.

KEY WORDS: Morphometry; Palpebral fissure; Canthal distance.

How to cite this article

KNEZI, N.; ISARETOVIC, V; ADJIC, I.; BABIC, N.; MARIC, D. & STOJSIC-DZUNJA, L. Morphometric analysis of the palpebral fissure and canthal distance in Serbian young adults. Int. J. Morphol., 38(5):1381-1385, 2020.