Assessment of Awareness, Knowledge and Attitudes about the Importance of Cadaver and Cadaver Donation: Report of Izmir, Turkey
Kübra Erdogan; Kemal Emre Özen; Hayrullah Yildiz & Mehmet Ali Malas
The aim of this study was to evaluate the awareness, knowledge level and attitudes of the community in Izmir/ Turkey about cadaver donation in medical education. A cross-sectional study was carried out. Randomly chosen 245 participants answered twenty items in the questionnaire providing information about their demographics (5 items), awareness and knowledge (10 items), and attitudes (5 items) about body donation. The questionnaire was applied face-to-face. Descriptive statistics presented. Student T test and One-Way ANOVA test were used for statistical analysis. 123 (50.2 %) participants were male and 159 (64.9 %) were between 30 to 59 years old. 185 (75.5 %) respondents knew what the word “cadaver” means. When asked where they would apply if they decided to donate their body, 104 (42.4 %) of the participants gave the answer "state hospital". The mean score of awareness and knowledge about importance of cadaver and body donation (AWKL-Score) was 0.41±0.24 (min:0.00, max:0.90). AWKL-Score was statistically higher in the youngest (18-29 y) and oldest (>60 y) compared to the other age groups (F:4.115; p:0.007). AWKL-Score increased as the level of education increased. The highest AWKL-Score was at post-graduate level (Level 7,8) (F:22.997; p<0.001). The AWKL-Score was higher in public employees and students compared to other occupational groups (F:5.930; p<0,001). The answers to the questionnaire were important indicators of how much society needs to be informed regarding body donation.
KEY WORDS: Body donation; Cadaver; Awareness and knowledge level; Attitude; Anatomy education; Medical education.
How to cite this article
ERDOGAN, K.; ÖZEN, K. E.; YILDIZ, H. & MALAS, M. A. Assessment of awareness, knowledge and attitudes about the importance of cadaver and cadaver donation: Report of Izmir, Turkey. Int. J. Morphol., 38(4):831-837, 2020.