History of Anatomy in Chile Part II. The Alma Mater

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Julio Cárdenas Valenzuela


After 200 years of informal anatomical science education in Chile, the anatomy studies program of the Spanish Royal University of San Felipe (1758), is passed on to Chile’s National Institute in the year 1833. Subsequently in 1842, the studies program is transferred to the current Universidad de Chile, and following the percepts of Spanish Medicine, records indicate the development of this discipline was carried out under wretched conditions, that included serious risks associated with infections and injuries during practices. There is also reference to the origin of the first corpses used in education between the year 1842, when the University was established, and 1920, the year in which the Institute of Anatomy moved to its present location. During this initial period, our professors were of French origin, which was followed by German influence, and later featured North American influence. Therefore, the objective of this work is to describe the continuity of Human Anatomy teachings, currently reliant on the Universidad de Chile. This being the oldest educational institution in the country, it constitutes the origin and alma mater of many anatomists, who will be responsible for the teaching and instruction of anatomy in the rest of the country.

KEY WORDS: Anatomy; History of Anatomy; University de Chile.

How to cite this article

CÁRDENAS, V. J. History of Anatomy in Chile Part II. The alma mater. Int. J. Morphol., 38(4):1074-1089, 2020.