Enamel in Terminology: Concordance and Proposal for Anatomical, Histological and Embryological Terminology

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Camila Panes; Christopher Nicholson & Mariano del Sol


Dental enamel is a structure considered in Anatomical, Histological and Embryological Terminology. The included terms related to it have three associated roots: enamel, amelo and adamantino. The objective of this article is to analyze the etymology of these roots and present proposals in Latin and Spanish that unify the denominations related to tooth enamel. In the search, medical, terminological and etymological dictionaries were used. The results obtained indicate three different origins for each root: adamantine is a Greco-Roman term related to the extreme hardness of a structure; enamel has an Anglo-Norman and ancient high Germanic origin related to the action of melting, melting, and the aesthetic appearance that this produces in a material; and amelo, which in itself is related to botany while the full term ameloblast, was coined by an American academic. Although the etymology of adamantine and enamel indicate characteristics of firmness and aesthetics, respectively, in the development of the proposal it was decided to maintain the Latinized term enamelum and its adjective enameleus, eliminating the other two roots related to dental enamel. The proposal was made for changes in the terms of the Latin language and its translation into Spanish, according to the requirements of the FIPAT for Anatomical, Histological and Embryological Terminology, in order to unify the denomination of the associated terms and derivatives of dental enamel , for academic and research purposes.

PalaBRa ClaVE: Esmalte; Terminologia Anatomica, Histologica y Embryologica.

How to cite this article

Panes, C.; Nicholson, C. & del Sol, M. Enamel in terminology concordance and proposal for anatomical, histological and embryological terminology. Int. J. Morphol., 38(3):670-676, 2020.