The Morphometrics and Typology of the Skull in the Ghanaian Local Dog of Non-Descript Breed (Canis lupus familiaris)

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Opoku-Agyemang, T.; Essel Cobbinah, D.; Sia, D.D.; Mukundane Springs S.; Folitse R. D. & Emikpe B.O.


The shape of the head is considered the most important criterion in determining the standard breeds of dogs. It is of much significance to study the skull typology of the Ghanaian local dog in order to establish a template of its identification as a breed and to generate data which could be useful in the comparative anatomy of the skulls of dogs. A total of twenty skulls of adult dogs of two age groups were used in this study. 31 parameters were measured and 6 skull indices were calculated on their basis. The group of skulls from older fully grown dogs showed higher values in all parameters. Results of the current study will provide baseline reference data on skull parameters of local dolichocephalic dogs. More importantly, results obtained could be useful in veterinary applied anatomy and clinical practice in areas including forensic medicine, plastic or cosmetic maxillofacial surgery, neurosurgery of the cranium, acupuncture, nerve block and other clinical manipulations involving the head.

KEY WORDS: Ghanaian local dog of non-descript breed (GLND); Skull; Morphometrical study; Indices; Suture closure.

How to cite this article

OPOKU-AGYEMANG, T.; ESSEL COBBINAH, D.; SIA, D. D.; MUKUNDANE SPRINGS, S.; FOLITSE, R. D. & EMIKPE, B. O. The morphometrics and typology of the skull in the Ghanaian local dog of non-descript breed (Canis lupus familiaris). Int. J. Morphol., 38(3):706-713, 2020.