Frequency of Canalis Sinuosus and its Anatomic Variations in Cone Beam Computed Tomography Images

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Gloria Patricia Baena-Caldas; Heidy Lisset Rengifo-Miranda; Adriana María Herrera-Rubio; Ximara Peckham & Janneth Rocio Zúñiga


The aim of this paper was to determine the frequency of Canalis Sinuosus (CS) and its anatomic variations. A total of 236 cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images were studied. Characteristics of the canal such as its form, pathway and diameter were analyzed. The CS was clearly visualized in 100 % of the images with variations in the canal observed in up to 46 % of the cases. In 79 % of the cases the variation was found to be bilateral. The most common variation was an increase in the diameter (> 1mm) of the CS. Considering that the anterior region of the middle third of the face is a common place for clinical interventions, this study supports the need to perform a thorough evaluation of the maxillary region prior to clinical interventions in order to prevent complications such as direct or indirect injury to the anterior superior alveolar neurovascular bundle contained within the CS.

KEY WORDS: Maxillary nerve; Maxilla; Anatomic Variation; Tomography.

How to cite this article

BAENA-CALDAS, G. P.; RENGIFO-MIRANDA, H. L.; HERRERA-RUBIO, A. M.; PECKHAM, X. & ZÚÑIGA, J. R. Frequency of canalis sinuosus and its anatomic variations in cone beam computed tomography images. Int. J. Morphol., 37(3):852-857, 2019.