Reference Values (RV), MNS and MTS for Morphological Characteristics of Normal and Abnormal Human Spermatozoon Describing Teratozoospermic Index (TZI) & Sperm Deformity Index (SDI) in Sudanese Infertile Couples Using CASA System

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Tarig Gasim Mohamed Alarabi; Qurashi Mohamed Ali; Asim M. Abdalla; Heitham Muteakil Mohammed; Mohamed Ebraheem; Nidal Abubaker Harun; Abulqasim M. B. Sideeg & Ali Gad Karim A Salih


A scientific determination of fertilization ability of the sperm can be made by motility, viability and morphological examinations that are called as potential fertility criteria. Some previous studies documented only the total morphological defect rates without including the morphologic subjects. As it is recorded in many studies, the success of IUI, ICSI and IVF depends mainly on the quality of the collected semen. 1) Determine and classify the common morphological defects and rates of sperms. 2) Analyze the effect of age on the sperm abnormalities and to assess the impact of environment on changing normal sperm characteristics. 3) Determine the common types of semen abnormalities (Asthenoterato-zoospermia, Asthenozoospermia, Azoopyospermia, Azoospermia, Hypospermia, Oligoasthenoteratozoospermia, Oligoasthenozoopyospermia, Oligoasthenozoospermia and Teratozoospermia). 4) Determine the range of teratozoospermic index (TZI) and sperm deformity index (SDI). A prospective case series study for 566 men of infertile couples who were requesting semen analysis was applied to those came to the ULTRALAB laboratory center main campus and ULTRALAB branch of the Sudan Assisted Reproduction Center (SARC), Khartoum, Sudan. Data collection was done for 20 months from April 1st, 2010 to December 31st, 2011. analysis of semen samples was done using Computer Assisted Semen Analysis (CASA). 1) The study demonstrates that there are differences in normality and abnormality of sperm morphology parameters of sperm between Sudanese population and other studies including WHO standards. 2) SDI and TZI were higher in overall semen as well as in abnormal semen samples. 3) Common semen abnormalities were oligoasthenoteratozoospermia, asthenoteratozoospermia and asthenozoospermia. There are differences in sperm morphology of both normal and abnormal parameters between Sudanese population and other studies including WHO standards.

KEY WORDS: Sperm; Semen; Sperm morphology.

How to cite this article

ALARABI, T. G. M. ; ALI, Q. M.; ABDALLA, A. M.; MOHAMMED, H. M.; EBRAHEEM, M.; HARUN, N. A.; SIDEEG, A. M. B. & SALIH, A. G. K. A. Reference values (RV), MNS and MTS for morphological characteristics of normal and abnormal human spermatozoon describing teratozoospermic index (tzi) & sperm deformity index (sdi) in sudanese infertile couples using CASA system. Int. J. Morphol., 37(3):1038-1045, 2019.