Renal Histological Alterations Induced by Acute Exposure of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles

Tweet about this on TwitterShare on FacebookEmail this to someoneShare on Google+

Amin A. Al-Doaiss; Daoud Ali; Bahy A. Ali & Bashir M. Jarrar


Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO NPs) are widely used in many commercial products, nanomedicine, agriculture, personal care products, different industries and pharmaceutical preparations with potential risk in human health and the environment. The current work was conducted to investigate the renal damage that might be induced by the acute toxicity TiO NPs. A total of 40 healthy male adult Wistar albino rats (Rattus norvegicus) were exposed to TiO NPs (126, 252, 378 mg/kg bw) for 24 and 48 h. Fresh portions of the kidneys from each rat were processed for histological and histochemical alterations. In comparison with respective control rats, exposure to TiO NPs has marked the following glomerular, tubular and interstitial alterations including the followings: glomerular congestion, Bowman's capsule swelling and dilatation, inflamed glomeruli, renal tubules cloudy swelling, karyorrhexis, karyolysis, infiltration of inflammatory cells, congestion, necrosis, hydropic degeneration, dilatation and congestion of blood vessels, hyaline droplets and hyaline casts precipitation, interstitial edema and fibrosis. From the findings of the current work one may conclude that TiO NPs are capable of inducing kidney damage with more insulation in the cortex and the proximal convoluted tubules than the medulla and the distal ones respectively. In addition, it might be concluded that renal damage induced by these nanomaterials is dose and duration of exposure dependent. Further hematological, biochemical, immunohistochemical, and ultra-structural studies are recommended.

KEY WORDS: TiO nanoparticles; Renal tissues; Histological alterations; Hydropic degeneration; Nanotoxicity

How to cite this article

AL-DOAISS, A. A.; ALI, D.; ALI, B. A. & JARRAR, B. M. Renal histological alterations induced by acute exposure of titanium dioxide nanoparticles. Int. J. Morphol., 37(3):1049-1057, 2019.