The aim of this study was to conduct a review of the literature on the value of synovial fluid in the temporomandibular joint and its implications in joint pathology. The synovial fluid is a viscous and filamentous fluid of a light yellow color, composed mainly of plasma proteins, cellular components, lubricating molecules, cytokines, growth factors and enzymes. It is produced by the synovial membrane and is in direct relation with the joint surfaces and the synovial membrane, mediating the interactions between the tissues of the synovial joints. In the temporomandibular joint it plays a fundamental role in the maintenance and regulation of physiology, through lubricating, regulating and metabolic functions, decreasing the friction of the joint surfaces during all its movements. In temporomandibular disorders, synovial fluid function can be altered by changes in the tissues of the temporomandibular joint, these changes can result in a decrease in the ability to lubricate the joint surfaces and generate a catabolic environment inside the joint , contributing together to the deterioration of these.
KEY WORDS: Synovial fluid; Temporomandibular joint; Temporomandibular disorders; Osteoarthritis.