The objective of this study was to describe the intrinsic muscles of the thoracic limb of the African lion (Panthera leo). For this purpose a fixed and preserved female specimen donated by the Metropolitan Zoo in Santiago, Chile, was used. The dissection was carried out, from proximal to distal, considering the four topographical regions of that limb: Scapular girdle, arm, forearm and hand. Anatomical findings observed are discusses and compared to those described for the domestic cat and works by other authors in ocelot (Leopardus pardalis), puma (Puma concolor) and the species under study. The purpose of this work was to contribute to the knowledge of the anatomy of this exotic species, with medical and surgical projections.
KEY WORDS: Pantheraleo; Thoraciclimb; Muscles.