Ultrastructure of the Secretory Epithelial Cells of the Bulbo- Urethral Glands (Cowper’s gland) in the Indian Fruit Bat, Rousettus leschenaulti (Desmarest) During the Reproductive Cycle

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Archana A. Nerkar; Maher P. Gujar & Mohan M. Gadegone


The present paper describes the ultrastructural characteristics of the bulbo-urethral gland (Cowper’ glands) of the Indian fruit bat, R. leschenaulti during sexually inactive-breeding cycle. Cyclic histological changes during the seasonal breeding quiescence cycle are not well marked. There are no marked differences. The ultrastructural characteristic of the secretory epithelial cells of Bulbo- Uretrhal Gland gland have been studied during different phases of reproductive cycle. The secretory epithelial cells are characterized by the well-developed rough endoplasmic reticulum, extensive developed complexus golgiensis (Golgi apparatus) and mitochondria. Mitochondria with lamellate cristae are dispersed in the cytoplasm. Three different types of secretory granules can be identified on the basis of electron density. These granules are not of different types but they represent the different stages of granule maturation. The secretory products of bulbo-urethral gland of bat are released into lumen both by apocrine and merocrine modes. The functional significance of the secretions of the bulbo-urethral glands in reproduction is discussed.

KEY WORDS: Chiroptera; Bat; Ultrastructure; Bulbo-urethral gland; Acini; Epithelial cells.

How to cite this article

NERKAR, A. A.; GUJAR, M. P. & GADEGONE, M. M. Ultrastructure of the secretory epithelial cells of the bulbo-urethral glands (cowper’s gland) in the indian fruit bat, Rousettus leschenaulti (desmarest) during the reproductive cycle. Int. J. Morphol., 35(1):212-218, 2017.