An Osteometric Study on Humerus

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Aydin Kabakci, A. D.; Buyukmumcu, M.; Yilmaz, M. T.; Cicekcibasi, A. E.; Akın, D. & Cihan, E.


Humerus is the longest and thickest bone of the upper limb. As a long bone, it has two epiphysis and diaphysis. In this study, we aimed to conduct morphometric measurements belonging to human humerus. This study was conducted on 60 humerus (28 right, 32 left) in collections of Necmettin Erbakan University Meram Medicine Faculty Anatomy Laboratory. Digital calipers, osteometric board and precision scales for humerus bone measurements were used. Measurements were classified as measurements of diaphysis and proximal and distal epiphysis of humerus. Each bone weight was determined. Also nutrient foramen number and localization was determined. In this study, it was determined that mean right humerus length 30.41±1.73 mm, mean left humerus length 30.04±2.39 mm. It was identified that mean right humerus weight was 115.05±28.06 g, mean left humerus weigh twas 111.63±33.34 g. In 9 humerus (15 %), supratrochlear foramen has been observed. 6 of these were oval and 3 of them were round. Nutrient foramen has not been observed in two humerus (3.3 %). Also, medium and weak correlation was identified between many parameters. We believe that the obtained data from this study may be qualities of reference for sex determination from humerus.

KEY WORDS: Humerus; Morphometry, Osteometry.

How to cite this article

AYDIN KABAKCI, A. D.; BUYUKMUMCU, M.; YILMAZ, M. T.; CICEKCIBASI, A. E.; AKıN, D. & CIHAN, E. An osteometric study on humerus bones. Int. J. Morphol., 35(1):219-226, 2017.