Lateral Asymmetry in Upper and Lower Limb Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis in Youth Tennis Players

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Ales Filipcic; Ivan Cuk & Tjasa Filipcic


Tennis is a sport that requires asymmetric movements of dominat limbs and may lead to an asymmetric distribution of muscle mass. The main aim of the presented study was to determine the volume and degree of lateral asymmetry of the upper and lower limbs in youth tennis players using a bioelectrical impedance analysis. T-test was applied to find differences between the dominant and non-dominant arm and the right and left leg and thigh in four age categories. There were no significant differences between the right and left leg lean mass in the 12 and under, 14 and under and 16 and under age groups, but there were significant differences between the dominant and non-dominant arm lean mass and arm circumferences in all four age groups. All young tennis players had greater lean mass and arm circumferences of the dominant limb. Tennis players in the 18 and under group had higher average values of right leg lean mass and the differences are statistically significant. There were significant differences between right and left thigh circumferences in all age groups. Findings show that it is possible with such a simple, non-invasive and quick procedure as bioelectrical impedance to determine asymmetry in tennis players.

KEY WORDS: Young tennis players; Asymmetry; Bioelectrical impedance analysis.

How to cite this article

FILIPCIC, A.; CUK, I. & FILIPCIC, T. Lateral asymmetry in upper and lower limb bioelectrical impedance analysis in youth tennis players. Int. J. Morphol., 34(3):890-895, 2016.