Trigeminal Cave and Ganglion: An Anatomical Review

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N. O. Ajayi; L. Lazarus & K. S. Satyapal


The trigeminal cave (TC) is a special channel of dura mater, which extends from the posterior cranial fossa into the posteromedial portion of the middle cranial fossa at the skull base. The TC contains the motor and sensory roots of the trigeminal nerve, the trigeminal ganglion (TG) as well as the trigeminal cistern. This study aimed to review the anatomy of the TC and TG and determine some parameters of the TC. The study comprised two subsets: A) Cadaveric dissection on 30 sagitally sectioned formalin fixed heads and B) Volume injection. We found the dura associated with TC arranged in three distinct layers. TC had relations with internal carotid artery, the cavernous sinus, the superior petrosal sinus, the apex of petrous temporal bone and the endosteal dura of middle cranial fossa. The mean volume of TC was 0.14 ml. The mean length and breadth of TG were 18.3 mm and 7.9 mm, respectively, mean width and height of trigeminal porus were 7.9 mm and 4.1 mm, respectively, and mean length of terminal branches from TG to point of exit within skull was variable. An understanding of the precise formation of the TC, TG, TN and their relations is important in order to perform successful surgical procedures and localized neural block in the region of the TC.

KEY WORDS: Trigeminal cave; Trigeminal ganglion; Trigeminal nerve; Middle cranial fossa.

How to cite this article

AJAYI, N. O.; LAZARUS, L. & SATYAPAL, K. S. Trigeminal cave and ganglion: an anatomical review. Int. J. Morphol., 31(4):1444- 1448, 2013.