The llama (Lama Glama) is a mammal whose production has grown exponentially in the last decades, especially in the Northwest and Patagonian region of Argentina, Chile, Bolivia and Peru. Associated with this growth, veterinary medical clinic has had to deal with the challenge of new neuroanatomical diagnostic, as well as surgical and semiological maneuvers specific to this species. This work aims to make a detailed description of the innervation of the regions back, arm, and forearm, providing knowledge that is useful to the clinical veterinarian to interpret functional alterations or for the performance of surgical, therapeutic, treatment and/ or diagnosis. It also includes the description of the muscular and vascular relationships of nerves.
KEY WORDS: Llama; Innervation of forelimb; Muscular relation; Vascular relation.