Comparative Study of Anthropometric Measurement and Body Composition between Elite Soccer and Basketball Players

DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022013000200016
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Stevo Popovic; Selçuk Akpinar; Damjan Jaksic; Radenko Matic & Dusko Bjelica

Summary

The purpose of this study was to describe anthropometric characteristics and body composition of elite soccer and basketball players as well as to make comparisons between them. Seventy-one males were enrolled in the study, divided into three groups: twenty-six soccer players, fourteen basketball players and thirty-one healthy sedentary subjects. All subjects were assessed for the anthropometric measures required for the calculation of body composition variables, using the standardized procedures recommended by established literature. Data was analyzed using SPSS and the descriptive statistics were expressed as a mean (SD) for each variable, while the ANOVA and LSD Post Hoc tests were carried out to detect the effects of each type of sport. The results showed there was no significant difference in body mass index among the groups, while a significant difference was found for body height and body weight as well as for all three of the body contents measured (muscle, bone and fat) among the groups. Basketball players were significantly taller and heavier than soccer players and the subjects of the control group, while there was also a significant difference between the weight of soccer players and the subjects of the control group, who were significantly heavier. The muscle and bone contents in the bodies of the subjects in the control group were significantly lower than that of all other subjects while there was no difference between soccer and basketball players. Lastly, the fat content in the body of the subjects in the control group was significantly higher than that of all of the other subjects, while there was no difference between soccer and basketball players. Therefore, these findings may give coaches from the region better working knowledge and suggest them to follow recent selection process methods and to be more careful during the recruitment.

KEY WORDS: Sport; Top-Level; Football; Basket; Male.

How to cite this article

POPOVIC, S.; AKPINAR, S.; JAKSIC, D.; MATIC, R. & BJELICA, D. Comparative study of anthropometric measurement and body composition between elite soccer and basketball players. Int. J. Morphol., 31(2):461-467, 2013.