Dynamic mechanical characteristics of the isolated dog tibia, subjected to impact test

DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022013000200033
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Fioretti, C.; Galán, A.; Moine, R.; Varela, M.; Varela, P.; Mouguelar, H.; Gigena, S.; Bonino, F.; Quinteros, R. & Natali, J.

Summary

The purpose of this work is to provide information about biomechanical and morphological properties of the dog tibia bone subject to dynamic loads. The objectives were: evaluate the resistance of the tibia subject impact used Charpy test Method; linking it with total area, cortical area and bone marrow cavity; and compare it with weight, age and sex categories. The clinical, orthopedical and surgical relevance of the dog leg region is the basis for this research. Dog tibia were used in isolated conditions, removed postmortem from 30 adult animals defined raceless, from the zoonoses service of the city of Río Cuarto. Weight and total bone length, cranial-caudal and lateral-medial diameter in the middle of the diaphysis, were determined in the left and right tibia. The left tibia was osteotomized transversely in the middle of the diaphysis. On the surface section we measured: cortical thickness, diameter of the bone marrow cavity, and obtained the total section area, cortical area and medullary area. The right tibia was subjected to Charpy test method. Statistical analysis was performed accordingly. The bone strength showed a correlation of r=0.70 (p= 0.000019); r=0.67 (p=0.000059) and r=0.29 (p=0.12) with respect to the cortical area, total area and medullary area respectively. The morphology has influence on the biomechanical properties of bone, with increasing cortical area increases the impact energy absorbed. In contrast, a greater area of the medullary cavity of impact energy absorbed increases but to a lesser magnitude. There were statistically significant differences (p=0.0168) of size on the strength of the tibia. Age (p=0.7343) and sex (p=0.1898) had no significant influence on the biomechanical properties of the tibia.

KEY WORDS: Dog; Tibia; Impact test.

How to cite this article

FIORETTI, C.; GALÁN, A.; MOINE, R.; VARELA, M.; VARELA, P.; MOUGUELAR, H.; GIGENA, S.; BONINO, F.; QUINTEROS, R. & NATALI, J. Dynamic mechanical characteristics of the isolated dog tibia, subjected to impact test. Int. J. Morphol., 31(2):562-569, 2013.