A Study on the Anomalies of Liver in the South Indian Cadavers

DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022013000200051
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Satheesha Nayak B.


Liver is the largest gland in the body and rarely shows variations in its lobes and fissures. We studied 55 Formalin-fixed livers for occurrence of abnormal shape, lobes, fissures and position of gall bladder. In 60% of cases the liver was normal. 40% livers showed one or the other variations. Additional lobes were found in 9.09% of cases. Additional fissure was found in 1.81% of cases. Presence of dumbbell shaped caudate lobe and presence of large papillary process was noted in 1.81% cases each. In 1.81% cases the fissure for ligamentum teres was absent or situated on the anterior surface of the liver. In 1.81% of cases each the liver was either extremely long or extremely flat. In 18.18% of the cases, the gall bladder was short and its fundus did not project beyond the inferior border of the liver. These findings may be useful for surgeons and radiologists.

KEY WORDS: Liver; Gall bladder; Variation; Lobe; Fissure; Abnormal.

How to cite this article

NAYAK, B. S. A study on the anomalies of Liver in the South Indian cadavers. Int. J. Morphol., 31(2):658-661, 2013.